IUCN Jungle Cat Distribution Map
Interactive map of the Jungle Cat's range by the IUCN Red List

The Jungle Cat is widespread in South Asia, parts of the Middle East with the extreme edge of its range in north east Africa.


Jungle Cat Distribution in Africa

Jungle Cats only occur in one African country in the far north east region:

North Africa: Egypt

Jungle Cat Distribution outside of Africa

Other countries in the Jungle Cat's Middle East and Asian range are (IUCN 2018):

Middle East:  Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syrian Arab Republic

Asia: Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China; Georgia, India, Kazakhstan Lao, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Viet Nam

Jungle Cat Subspecies

Up to ten subspecies of the Jungle Cat (Felis chaus) have been recognized in the past. The current revision of the Felidae cat family proposes three subspecies, although further research is required:

1. Felis chaus chaus - Egypt and Middle East to Turkestan, Uzbekistan, Kazakstan and Afghanistan  (riverine habitat)

2. Felis chaus affinis - East Afghanistan, Indian subcontinent and Sri Lanka (variety of habitats)

3. Felis chaus fulvidina - SE Asia, including China (variety of habitats)

Jungle Cat (Felis chaus)

Jungle Cat (Felis chaus) in Grassland Habitat

Jungle Cat Habitat

In its African through western range the Jungle Cat is associated with reeds and long grasses in wet habitats, however in its eastern Asian range it occurs in dry grasslands, tropical deciduous forest and evergreen forest.

The IUCN Red List has standardised habitat types globally and the following types are suitable for Jungle Cats across its full range (IUCN 2018):

  • Forest
    • Temperate & Subtropical/Tropical Dry & Subtropical/Tropical Swamp
  • Savanna
    • Dry
  • Shrubland
    • Temperate & Subtropical/Tropical Dry
  • Grassland
    • Temperate & Subtropical/Tropical Dry
  • Wetlands (inland)
    • Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks
    • Shrub Dominated
    • Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands
    • Freshwater Springs and Oases
  • Desert
    • Hot & Temperate