The Jungle Cat is widespread in Asia with the extreme edge of its range in north east Africa.
In its African and western range the Jungle Cat is associated with reeds and long grasses in wet habitats, however in its eastern Asian range it occurs in dry grasslands, tropical deciduous forest and evergreen forest.
Jungle Cat Subspecies
Up to ten subspecies of the Jungle Cat (Felis chaus) have been recognized in the past. The latest taxonomic revision by the IUCN Cat Specialist Group proposes three subspecies, although further research is required:
1. Felis chaus chaus - Egypt and Middle East to Turkestan, Uzbekistan, Kazakstan and Afghanistan (riverine habitat)
2. Felis chaus affinis - East Afghanistan, Indian subcontinent and Sri Lanka (variety of habitats)
3. Felis chaus fulvidina - SE Asia, including China (variety of habitats)
Reference: Kitchener et al. 2017. A revised taxonomy of the Felidae. The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN / SSC Cat Specialist Group.
Jungle Cat Distribution in Africa
Jungle Cats only occur in one African country in the far north east:
North Africa: Egypt
Other countries in the Jungle Cat's Middle East and Asian range are:
Middle East: Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syrian Arab Republic
Asia: Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China; Georgia, India, Kazakhstan Lao, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Viet Nam
Reference: IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) 2016. <www.iucnredlist.org> Felis chaus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-1. 21 Jun 2017.
Jungle Cat Distribution Map
Click to view an interactive current map of the Jungle Cat's range by the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: