IUCN Jungle Cat Distribution Map
Interactive map of the Jungle Cat's range by the IUCN Red List

The Jungle Cat is widespread in South Asia, parts of the Middle East with the extreme edge of its range in north east Africa.

 

Jungle Cat Distribution in Africa

Jungle Cats only occur in one African country in the far north east region:

North Africa: Egypt *

Jungle Cat Distribution outside of Africa

Other countries in the Jungle Cat's Middle East and Asian range are:

Middle EastIran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syrian Arab Republic

Asia: Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China; Georgia, India, Kazakhstan Lao, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Viet Nam

Reference: IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) 2016. <www.iucnredlist.org> Felis chaus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-1. 21 Jun 2017.
*The country links will take you to an adventure travel website that includes visits to national parks and rural areas in several of their tours. Many of the images show the typical natural environment and wildlife habitat of that country.

Jungle Cat Subspecies

Up to ten subspecies of the Jungle Cat (Felis chaus) have been recognized in the past. The latest taxonomic revision by the IUCN Cat Specialist Group proposes three subspecies, although further research is required:

1. Felis chaus chaus - Egypt and Middle East to Turkestan, Uzbekistan, Kazakstan and Afghanistan  (riverine habitat)

2. Felis chaus affinis - East Afghanistan, Indian subcontinent and Sri Lanka (variety of habitats)

3. Felis chaus fulvidina - SE Asia, including China (variety of habitats)

Reference: Kitchener et al. 2017. A revised taxonomy of the Felidae. The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN / SSC Cat Specialist Group.

Jungle Cat (Felis chaus)

Jungle Cat in Grassland Habitat
Jungle Cat (Felis chaus) in Grassland Habitat

Jungle Cat Habitat

In its African through western range the Jungle Cat is associated with reeds and long grasses in wet habitats, however in its eastern Asian range it occurs in dry grasslands, tropical deciduous forest and evergreen forest.

The IUCN Red List has standardised habitat types globally and the following types are suitable for Jungle Cats across its full range:

  • Forest
    • Temperate & Subtropical/Tropical Dry & Subtropical/Tropical Swamp
  • Savanna
    • Dry
  • Shrubland
    • Temperate & Subtropical/Tropical Dry
  • Grassland
    • Temperate & Subtropical/Tropical Dry
  • Wetlands (inland)
    • Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks
    • Shrub Dominated
    • Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands
    • Freshwater Springs and Oases
  • Desert
    • Hot & Temperate
Reference: Gray, T.N.E., Timmins, R.J., Jathana, D., Duckworth, J.W., Baral, H. & Mukherjee, S. 2016. Felis chaus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T8540A50651463. Classification Schemes > Habitats.