Jungle Cat Key Facts

*   Mostly Asia range   *   Active day & night   *   Strong swimmers   *

Jungle Cat (Felis chaus)
Jungle Cat (Felis chaus) by Terry Whittaker

Jungle Cat Information

SCIENTIFIC NAME Felis chaus

 

COMMON NAMES Although called the Jungle Cat in Asia, it is commonly known as the Swamp Cat or Reed Cat in Africa (subspecies Felis chaus nilotica) due to its occurrence in wet habitats.

 

NAME ORIGIN The name Felis chaus was derived from the Caucasus Mountains where the Jungle Cat was first discovered.

 

HISTORY The Jungle Cat was tamed by ancient Egyptians to hunt wildfowl and has been featured in Egyptian art. A few mummified remains have been found in tombs.

IDENTIFICATION The Jungle Cat's plain coat varies from sandy yellow to reddish in its southern range to shades of grey in the north. There are light brown stripes on the legs and a few rings on the tail which has a dark tip. More about Jungle Cat Description...

 

UNIQUE BEHAVIOUR Jungle Cats feed mainly on small rodents, birds, hares, fish and reptiles. They are often active in the daytime and are unusually good swimmers. In the wild they make use of the disused burrows of other animals but with the loss of habitat they are increasingly being sighted near human settlements.

JUNGLE CAT - Species Spotlight by Big Cat Rescue
Jungle Cat Distribution Map
Jungle Cat Distribution Map
Reproduced with permission from the book Cats of Africa

Jungle Cat Distribution

The Jungle Cat is widespread in Asia with the extreme edge of its range in north east Africa.

In its African range the Jungle Cat is associated with reeds and long grasses in wet habitats, however in Asia it occurs in dry grasslands, tropical deciduous forest and evergreen forest.

 

More about Jungle Cat Distribution...

More Jungle Cat Information and Fact Sheets

1. ARKive Wildlife Imagery and Fact File - Jungle Cat Photos and Videos  

2. International Society for Endangered Cats (ISEC) - Jungle Cat Fact Sheet  

3. IUCN Cat Specialist Group (CatSG) - Detailed Information and Academic Reference List - Jungle Cat Information

Arkive video - Jungle cat in habitat